Public health planning is the act of determining how a community will use its public resources to prevent disease, promote health, and provide for the safety of the public. Public health planning is an essential step in protecting the health of people in our communities. Public health officers and their staff develop plans that help identify the health needs of a population, assess community resources, and develop strategies to address the needs. The public health system is organized on a county-wide or multi-county basis, which means plans must be implemented on a broad scale. On the other hand, public health planning is implemented through the actions of individuals, not just government agencies. Public health planning is collaborative in nature, so the community is involved as well.